By Patrick J. Walsh, Sharon Smith, Lora Fleming, Helena Solo-Gabriele, William H. Gerwick
This publication highlights an remarkable collaboration of environmental scientists, ecologists and physicians operating jointly in this very important new self-discipline, to the good thing about human future health and ocean environmental integrity alike. Oceanography, toxicology, average items chemistry, environmental microbiology, comparative animal body structure, epidemiology and public healthiness are all lengthy demonstrated components of analysis of their personal correct and all give a contribution facts and services to an built-in realizing of the ways that ocean biology and chemistry have an effect on human wellbeing and fitness for greater or worse. This booklet introduces this subject to researchers and complex scholars drawn to this rising box, permitting them to work out how their examine matches into the wider interactions among the aquatic surroundings and human overall healthiness. *Color illustrations of aquatic existence and oceanic phenomena akin to hurricanes and algal blooms*Numerous case studies*Socio-economic and moral Analyses position the technological know-how in a broader context*Study questions for every bankruptcy to aid scholars and teachers * dangers and treatments sections to aid outline direction modules for guide
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Extra info for Oceans and Human Health: Risks and Remedies from the Seas
ADVANCED READING: WHY IS THERE A CORIOLIS FORCE? Let’s begin with a simple example. Suppose that we get on an airplane in London and fly to New York City. We board the airplane at noon. The flight takes 8 hours. m. m.? The answer, of course, is that we have flown across five time zones. The time zones reflect the differences in longitude between one location and another. The longitude of London is 0°W, and the longitude of New York City is 74°W. As we go forward to the west in longitude we go backward in time.
The Coriolis force is directly proportional to the speed of motion and to the sine FIGURE 1-8. The Pacific Ocean subtropical gyre current systems. Note that the current gyres are not symmetric with respect to the equator. The equatorial countercurrent actually flows between about 4° and 10° N latitude. of the latitude. The force is zero at the equator and a maximum at the poles (see References at the end of this chapter). One would expect that ocean currents would flow in the same direction as the surface winds, but they rarely do.
Upon reaching the equator, they turn east and begin another crossing of the Pacific. ” Since roughly 1985, these “normal” conditions have come to be known as La Niña (literally “the girl” in Spanish). However, the air-sea interactions associated with the lowered seasurface temperatures intensify the trade einds, and this shift in the winds sends Rossby waves westward across the Pacific. Upon reaching the western Pacific, these waves travel toward the equator as coastal Kelvin waves and then return to the east along the equator.