Marine Biology

Clam Fisheries and Aquaculture by Fiz Da Costa Gonzalez

By Fiz Da Costa Gonzalez

This article bargains with clams within the extensive feel of the time period, due to the fact there are numerous bivalve households falling into the clam class. the choice of the households is based mostly on their respective monetary significance, by way of fisheries and aquaculture creation. those chosen households are Veneridae (venus shells), Mactridae (surf clams), Donacidae (wedge shells), Myidae (softshell clams), Pharidae and Solenidae (razor clams). It needs to be remarked that, in a few chapters or sections inside of them, species belonging to different households of clams are brought up.

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Bouchet, P. (2011a). Donacidae. p=taxdetailsandid=236 on 2011-09-12. Bouchet, P. (2011b). Veneridae. p=taxdetailsandid=243 on 2011-09-13. , Gulliksen, B. H. (2003). Biomarker responses and PAH uptake in Mya truncata following exposure to oil-contaminated sediment in an Arctic fjord (Svalbard). Science Sci. Total Environ. 308, 221-234. , Schiaparelli, S. and Albertelli, G. (2000). Shallow- and deep-water mollusc distribution at Terra Nova Bay (Ross Sea, Antarctica). Polar Biol. 23, 173-182. , Novais, J.

1994). Growth, productivity, and significance for fishery of the bivalve Egeria radiata (Donacidae) in the Cross River, Nigeria. Arch. Fish. Mar. Res. 42, 6375. FAO (2010) Fishstat - FAO Fisheries Department, Fishery Information, Data and Statistics Unit. Fischer, P. (1887). Manuel de Conchyliologie et de Paleontologie Conchyliologique ou Historie Naturelle des Mollusques Vivants et Fossiles suivi d’un Appendice sur les Brachiopodes par D. P. Oehlert, fasc. 11. Librairie F Savy, Paris. 1009-1369.

This family also includes freshwater bivalves, such as Galatea paradoxa Born, 1778, which is restricted to the lower reaches of a few rivers in West Africa (Etim and Brey, 1994). 2. , 2010). They are active burrowers in mobile sand substrates. The most widely-researched genera, Spisula and Mactra, belong to Mactrinae. Spisula solidissima (Atlantic surfclam) inhabits sandy substrates, with high concentrations in the turbulent waters of oceanic beaches, just beyond the breaker zone. Species of the genus 20 F.

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