By James S. Ketchum
Chemical war watchers, from scientists to coverage advocates, frequently ask yourself what went on on the military Chemical heart in the course of the 1960's. It was once a decade within which hundreds of thousands of military enlisted males served as volunteers for the secrets and techniques checking out of chemical brokers. the particular old checklist, even though, has previously remained disturbingly incomplete. What chemical substances was once the Arm learning? Why was once this system by no means totally documented in books on hand to the general public? Who deliberate and conducted the exams, and what was once their goal? How and through whom, have been the volunteers recruited? How properly have been they prompt sooner than giving their trained consent? What lengthy diversity results, if any, were present in follow-up stories? Written by means of the general practitioner who performed a pivotal function in psychoactive drug trying out of 1000s of volunteers, the tale breaks an respectable silence that has lasted nearly fifty years. Dr. James Ketchum could be the simply scientist nonetheless equivalent to the duty. His ebook is going far towards revealing the contents of as soon as categorized files that also stay in limited information. the writer spent many of the decade checking out over a dozen capability incapacitating brokers together with LSD, BZ and marijuana derivatives. His 380-page narrative, loaded with either outdated and up to date images, derives from the technical studies, memoranda, movies, notes and stories. Written essentially for the overall reader yet supplemented by way of a voluminous appendix of graphs and tables for the technically prone, Dr. Ketchum's ebook combines a subjective diary with an target record of the exterior occasions that formed and finally terminated this system. casual and autobiographical fashionable, it comprises a variety of a laugh anecdotes and character snap shots that make it concurrently exciting and informative.
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Extra info for Chemical Warfare Secrets Almost Forgotten: A Personal Story of Medical Testing of Army Volunteers
If protected from moisture and heat, Cannabis buds usually deteriorate only about 5-10% per year and much less if kept refrigerated. In purified form, THC would weigh far less than the buds and would require only a few dozen milligrams to produce substantial impairment of performance. This, of course, represents a low degree of potency compared to LSD, which requires only 1 or 2 tenths of a milligram (100200 mcg) to be effective. LSD itself, however, far more than THC, is highly unstable in the presence of heat, ultraviolet light or chlorination.
Invariably, would-be volunteers inundated us with applications, year after year. An abundance of troops were obviously more than willing to jump through all the hoops required in order to make the list of accepted candidates. In fact, the ratio of the number of applicants to the number accepted increased progressively throughout the 1960s. If these were “guinea pigs” or (as some writers have referred to them), “unwitting guinea pigs,” one would have to assume that American soldiers in those days lacked basic intelligence.
Upon arrival at Edgewood Arsenal, each volunteer went thorough a battery of medical and psychiatric examinations. They were then placed in categories. Some were allowed to test psychoactive drugs at the higher dosage levels. Others would be eligible only for low doses. The remainder would receive no drugs at all but could test protective clothing or equipment. Our screening process, although hardly as rigorous, was remarkably like that used to select astronauts. The difference was that at Edgewood, we were seeking soldiers ready to go into “inner” rather than outer space.