Humanities

Balkan Transitions to Modernity and Nation-States: Through by Evguenia Davidova

By Evguenia Davidova

Drawing upon formerly unpublished advertisement ledgers and correspondence, this research deals a collective social biography of 3 generations of Balkan retailers. own debts humanize multiethnic networks that navigated a number of social platforms aiding and opposing a number of points of nationalist ideologies.

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Extra resources for Balkan Transitions to Modernity and Nation-States: Through the Eyes of Three Generations of Merchants (1780s-1890s) (Balkan Studies Library, Book 6)

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135 Family firms usually combined two generations, as in the case of the Arie family, and/or brothers, as the Sakhatchiĭski com­ pany. The usual career started quite early because many boys were given at the age of 8 or 9 as apprentices in craft production as ǵurčin Kokaleski. Thus, it was not uncommon that some of them at the age of 15–17 began their own businesses combining artisan and trade endeavors. A similar 131 Paschalis M. Kitromilides, The Enlightenment as Social Criticism. Iosipos Moisiodax and Greek Culture in the Eighteenth Century (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992), 110.

120 Yuzo Nağata, Studies on the Social and Economic History of the Ottoman Empire (Izmir: Akademi Kitabevi, 1995), 69–70. 121 Mustafa Erdem Kabadayı, “Mkrdich Cezayirliyan or the Sharp Rise and Sudden Fall of an Ottoman Entrepreneur,” in Merchants in the Ottoman Empire, eds. Suraiya Faroqhi and Gilles Veinstein, 283. e. 1, 115–116. e. 1, 119. e. 1, 128–153. 125 Consider the example of a certain Cincar in Smederevo. 126 While this career trajectory seems linear and reminiscent of Stoianovich’s five-stage approach, many other mer­ chants simultaneously had various jobs.

6, IA 9019. 102 Petko probably invested the capital from the tavern and dükkân in expanding the putting-out activity. Unlike other Balkan entrepreneurs, some of them from the same locality, he did not trade abroad in Austria or Southern Russia but chose interregional market opportunities within the Ottoman Empire. Records from the registers of his two sons suggest that since they continued in the same business, they inherited his clients in Izmit – a list which included mostly Muslim names. While Teodorovich was a typical “Greek” merchant transacting commerce in cotton between the Ottoman and Habsburg Empires at the close of the eighteenth century, Rachkov represented a transitional figure engaged in trade in silk in central Europe, Russia, and silk production in the Ottoman Empire; Stoianov embodied the trader-cum-entrepreneur who established a business web in Anatolia and linked its markets with Rumelia’s commerce.

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