By D. Mann
Following the good fortune of the 1st (1995) variation, this absolutely up to date record will offer a world review of using car plastics and composites in passenger automobiles, with an research of markets and traits to the 12 months 2007. designated realization is given to automobile weight-loss.
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Additional resources for Automotive Plastics & Composites - Worldwide Markets & Trends to 2007,
The European End of Life (ELV) vehicle directive EC 31/7/96 includes a demand for dispensing entirely with PVC in the vehicle. This was intended to apply to all vehicles produced in 2002 onwards. At the time of writing, however, it is understood that PVC is unlikely to be affected. Major Western PVC suppliers include Aiscondel, BASF (joint venture with Solvay), Cires, Elf Atochem, EVC, Geon, Goodrich, Goodyear, LVM, Norsk Hydro, Occidental, Oxychem, Rovin/SheU (Shin-Etsu), Solvay, Trikem, Vestolit and Vinnolit.
Automotive Plastics & Composites 7 1 Introduction DIN: Deutsche Institut fiir Normung, the German Standards for characterisation and definition of materials, similar to ASTM and ISO. Fatigue: a process of subjecting parts to cyclic loading, which may cause cracks or fracture. Fatigue strength is the number of cycles of stress or strain of a specific character that a given specimen sustains before failure. Fillers: are usually finely ground powders of silica, talcum, pumice or wood flour added to the polymer (mostly PVC) to reduce cost and increase somewhat the stiffness.
A careful selection of polymeric materials is necessary since the plastic parts need to be ground and mixed with virgin plastic. Reinforcement: polymeric materials can be reinforced by addition of fibrous or particulate materials enhancing the modulus, creep and thermal resistance. Fibres used are glass, carbon, aramid, natural and rock wool fibres. The disadvantage is the creation of a notch effect on the surface of a moulded item by the fibre which acts as a crack initiator. 001 micro meter).