Polymers Textiles

Antifouling Surfaces and Materials: From Land to Marine by Feng Zhou

By Feng Zhou

This booklet reports the advance of antifouling surfaces and fabrics for either land and marine environments, with an emphasis on marine anti biofouling. It explains the diversities and intrinsic dating among antifouling in land and marine environments, that are in response to superhydrophobicity and superhydrophilicity respectively. It covers quite a few themes together with biomimetic antifouling and self-cleaning surfaces, grafted polymer brushes and micro/nanostructure surfaces with antifouling houses, in addition to marine anti biofouling. Marine anti biofouling comprises either ancient biocidal compounds (tributyltin, copper and zinc) and present eco-friendly, non-toxic antifouling options. This publication is meant for these readers who're drawn to greedy the basics and purposes of antifouling.

Feng Zhou is a professor on the kingdom Key Laboratory of sturdy Lubrication, Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics, chinese language Academy of Sciences.

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Yu Fig. 18 SEM images of sharkskin replica prepared by using polymer (a) and by picosecond laser mold (b). SEM scanning electron microscope. (Reproduced from Ref. 18 [82]. Besides, Brennan reported a method to fabricate the sharkskin-like surface structures on injection molding by picosecond laser ablation method [85]. In the self-cleaning area, Schumacher et al. analyzed the antibiofouling property of fish scale replica in detail, and they found that the topographies can significantly reduce spore settlement compared to a smooth surface.

Magin CM, Cooper SP, Brennan AB (2010) Non-toxic antifouling strategies. Mater Today 13(4):36–44 80. Wainwright SA, Vosburgh F, Hebrank JH (1978) Shark skin: function in locomotion. Science 202(4369):747–749 81. Scardino AJ, Nys R (2011) Mini review: biomimetic models and bioinspired surfaces for fouling control. Biofouling 27(1):73–86 82. Jung YC, Bhushan B (2009) Wetting behavior of water and oil droplets in three-phase interfaces for hydrophobicity/philicity and oleophobicity/philicity. Langmuir 25(24):14165–14173 83.

This can also be found in biological system, such as cell membrane and extracellular matrix [113]. PEMs can be assembled on a substrate through the layer-by-layer (LbL) adsorption technique and are widely employed for reducing bio-adhesion. In addition, surfaces of various chemistry and topography are under control. It is generally accepted that the surface charge plays a major role in the adhesion process; PEMs can be designed to minimize bio-adsorption by proper selection of surface charge. 8 PEMs of poly(acrylicacid) (PAA), poly(allylamine hydrochloride) (PAH) and poly(styrene sulfonate) (PSS) are mostly studied, not because of their good performance of bioactivity, but their 46 B.

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