Marine Biology

An Introduction to Marine Ecology by R. S. K. Barnes

By R. S. K. Barnes

This validated textbook keeps to supply a complete and stimulating advent to marine ecological options and procedures. according to a wealth of overseas instructing services, An creation to Marine Ecology is written to be the root for a complete undergraduate direction in marine biology or ecology. It covers the trophic, environmental and aggressive interactions of marine organisms, and the results of those at the productiveness, dynamics and constitution of marine structures. The power of the e-book lies in its dialogue of middle themes which continues to be on the middle of nearly all of classes within the topic, regardless of an expanding emphasis on extra utilized features. The authors keep the culture of readability and conciseness set by way of earlier versions, and the textual content is broadly illustrated with color plates, pictures and diagrams. Examples are drawn from around the globe. during this variation, the medical content material of the textual content has been totally revised and up-to-date. An emphasis has been put on human affects, and entirely new chapters were additional on fisheries, marine ecosystems, and human interference and conservation. thoroughly revised and up to date with a twofold raise within the variety of illustrations. Adopts a extra utilized procedure based on present instructing. New chapters on fisheries, the marine environment, conservation and toxins. in line with a confirmed and profitable path constitution.

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Discounting tidally induced mixing, which generally is of significance only in very shallow waters, the two main categories of large-scale water movement are density-driven currents and the various processes responsible for upwelling (and its converse, downwelling). e. movements parallel to the depth gradient and perpendicular to the surface. Its importance is that it is one of the few mechanisms by which the nutrient stocks of the aphotic regions can be introduced into the surface waters. Three processes may induce upwelling.

Marine ecology. N.  Title. 7dc21 98-38820 CIP DISTRIBUTORS Marston Book Services Ltd PO Box 269 Abingdon, Oxon OX14 4YN (Orders: Tel: 01235 465500 Fax: 01235 465555) USA Blackwell Science, Inc. com Page v Contents Preface vii 1 The Nature and Global Distribution of Marine Organisms, Habitats and Productivity 1 2 The Planktonic System of Surface Waters 30 3 The Benthos of Continental Shelf and Littoral Sediments 54 4 Salt-Marshes, Mangrove-Swamps and Sea-Grass Meadows 77 5 Rocky Shores and Kelp Forests 85 6 Coral Reefs 117 7 Pelagic and Benthic Systems of the Deep Sea 142 8 Fish and Other Nekton 150 9 Ecology of Life Histories 180 10 Speciation and Biogeography 207 11 The Marine Ecosystem as a Functional Whole 222 12 Human Interference and Conservation 238 References 257 Index 270 Page vii Preface The first two editions of this book were aimed at students with some knowledge of ecology who were about to venture into the mare incognitum for the first time.

K. N. Hughes School of Biological Sciences University of Wales Bangor, Gwynedd LL57 2UW With contributions from John Field, Dan Baird & Michel Kaiser Page iv For David, Andrew, Morvan & Annaëlle and Helen, Ruth & Anne © 1982, 1988, 1999 by Blackwell Science Ltd Editorial Offices: Osney Mead, Oxford OX2 0EL 25 John Street, London WC1N 2BL 23 Ainslie Place, Edinburgh EH3 6AJ 350 Main Street, Malden MA 02148 5018, USA 54 University Street, Carlton Victoria 3053, Australia 10, rue Casimir Delavigne 75006 Paris, France Other Editorial Offices: Blackwell Wissenschafts-Verlag GmbH Kurfürstendamm 57 10707 Berlin, Germany Blackwell Science KK MG Kodenmacho Building 710 Kodenmacho Nihombashi Chuo-ku, Tokyo 104, Japan First published 1982 Reprinted 1986 Second edition 1988 Reprinted 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1995 Third edition 1999 Set by Graphicraft Limited, Hong Kong Printed and bound in Great Britain at the University Press, Cambridge The Blackwell Science logo is a trade mark of Blackwell Science Ltd, registered at the United Kingdom Trade Marks Registry The right of the Authors to be identified as the Authors of this Work has been asserted in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988.

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