By Guy G. Stroumsa
We see the notice “religion” all over, but will we comprehend what it skill, and is there a constant around the world figuring out? Who stumbled on faith and in what context? In a brand new technology, man Stroumsa deals an leading edge and robust argument that the comparative research of faith reveals its foundation in early sleek Europe. the area within which this new classification emerged used to be marked by way of 3 significant ancient and highbrow phenomena: the increase of eu empires, that gave beginning to ethnological interest; the Reformation, which completely altered Christianity; and the discovery of philology, a self-discipline that reworked Western highbrow suggestion. in contrast advanced historic backdrop, Stroumsa publications us throughout the lives and writings of the boys who got here to outline the be aware “religion.” As Stroumsa boldly argues, the trendy examine of faith, a brand new technological know-how, used to be made attainable via a dialectical method among Catholic and Protestant students. old Israelite faith, Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Manichaeanism, Zoroastrianism, the sacred ideals of the recent global, and people of Greece, Rome, India, and China, composed the complicated flooring upon which “religion,” a most up-to-date class, was once stumbled on.
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Extra resources for A New Science: The Discovery of Religion in the Age of Reason
Fewer congregations, in other words, are 100 percent white and non-Hispanic. 12 Catholic churches are much more likely than Protestant churches to have some minority presence even when they are predominantly white. But the jump in minority presence Diversity 29 has occurred in Protestant as well as in Catholic churches. As I mentioned earlier, immigration partly drives this increased ethnic diversity within congregations, but there’s also more African American presence in white congregations, so immigration is not the whole story.
Belief in life after death also has increased substantially among religious “nones,” from 48 percent in the 1970s to 60 percent in the twenty-first century. 2: Belief in the Afterlife Increasing Only Among Less Regular Attendees. ” This phenomenon is often commented upon, but it should not be exaggerated. The best way to track this trend is by giving people a chance to say that they are both spiritual and religious. The General Social Survey does this by asking two questions. First: “To what extent do you consider yourself a religious person?
The rate of decline is slow— about one-quarter of a percentage point per year since 1990. 4 Time diaries, however, do not register a statistically significant attendance decline since 1990. 5 It seems most prudent, then, to conclude that weekly attendance at religious services has been essentially stable since 1990. At the same time, however, the percent of people who never attend religious services, while still relatively small, clearly has increased in the last twenty years, going from 13 percent in 1990 to 22 percent in 2008.